Past, Present, and Future Rehabilitation Practice Patterns for Patients with Heart Failure. The European Perspective.

Valentina Labate, Marco Guazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The recent European Society of Cardiology position paper strongly advises participation of patients with stable heart failure (HF) in structured exercise training (ET) programs, and in most recent years considerable efforts have been put into standardization of exercise prescription. Up to now, 3 ET modalities are proposed for HF populations with variable combinations and extent of effects: (1) endurance aerobic (continuous and interval); (2) strength/resistance; (3) respiratory. Irrespective of ET modalities, most of the studies have clearly demonstrated significant improvements in exercise physiology (ie, oxygen consumption, muscle function, and ventilation), quality of life, and left ventricular function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-115
Number of pages11
JournalHeart Failure Clinics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015



  • Cardiopulmonary testing
  • Exercise performance
  • Exercise training
  • Peak Vo
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this