Patch testing of budesonide in Italy: The SIDAPA baseline series experience, 2018–2019

Luca Stingeni, Rossella Marietti, Leonardo Bianchi, Fabrizio Guarneri, Silvia Mariel Ferrucci, Andrea Giuseppe Faraci, Caterina Foti, Paolo Romita, Cataldo Patruno, Maddalena Napolitano, Rosella Gallo, Monica Corazza, Donatella Schena, Nicola Milanesi, Francesca Bruni, Paolo Pigatto, Maria Letizia Musumeci, Emanuela Martina, Viviana Piras, Marta TramontanaKatharina Hansel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Budesonide was included in the European Baseline Series in 2000 as the most suitable marker forcorticosteroid hypersensitivity. In the last two decades, a decreasing trend of budesonide allergy has been observed. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of positive patch test reactions to budesonide in a large, Italian patch test population, characterizing patients according to MOAHLFA index and evaluating the benefit with extended readings of budesonide patch test. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patient demographics and patch test results over a 2-year period (2018–2019) was performed at 14 patch test clinics in Italy. Results: Ninety out of 14 544 (0.6%) patients reacted to budesonide 0.01% pet. Positive reactions were mild in 54.4% and late readings at day 7 showed new positive reactions in 37.8% of patients. The MOAHLFA index showed a significant positive association with male gender, atopic dermatitis, and age >40 years and a significant negative association with hand and face dermatitis. Conclusions: We documented a low prevalence of budesonide allergy in Italy, confirming its decreasing trend recently reported in the literature. Nevertheless, budesonide needs to be maintained in the baseline series for its good ability to detect corticosteroid sensitization.

Original languageEnglish
JournalContact Dermatitis
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • budesonide
  • corticosteroids
  • patch test
  • SIDAPA baseline series
  • skin tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Dermatology

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