The first isolated patello-femoral (PF) joint arthroplasty (PFA) was a patella cap, a Vitallium shell replacing the patella and maintaining the native trochlea, proposed in 1955 by McKeever. The first PFAs replacing entire PF joint had an inlay design and came in the 1979 with the Richards and Lubinus prosthesis. In the last 20 years, I preferred the onlay PFAs, using the inlay designs only in few selected cases. Onlay prostheses completely resect the trochlea with an anterior cut similar to the one performed for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The Avon (Stryker) and the Zimmer PFJ are examples of onlay prostheses. Second-generation PFAs allow a correction of trochlea rotation or dysplasia and are associated with good results at short-term and midterm follow-up . The enhanced knowledge on PF kinematics, the higher number of component sizes available, the better surgical instrumentation and the easier surgical technique contributed to improve the results. Moreover, early complications like patellar maltracking, instability or catching and snapping of the patellar component during knee flexion were significantly reduced.
|Title of host publication||Personalized Hip and Knee Joint Replacement|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2020|
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