Patellofemoral anatomy and biomechanics: Current concepts

Stefano Zaffagnini, David Dejour, Alberto Grassi, Tommaso Bonanzinga, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Francesca Colle, Federico Raggi, Andrea Benzi, Maurilio Marcacci

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The patellofemoral joint, due to its particular bone anatomy and the numerous capsuloligamentous structures and muscles that act dynamically on the patella, is considered one of the most complex joints in the human body from the biomechanical point of view. The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) has been demonstrated to contribute 60% of the force that opposes lateral displacement of the patella, and MPFL injury results in an approximately 50% reduction in the force needed to dislocate the patella laterally with the knee extended. For this reason, recent years have seen a growing interest in the study of this important anatomical structure, whose aponeurotic nature has thus been demonstrated. The MPFL acts as a restraint during motion, playing an active role under conditions of laterally applied stress, but an only marginal role during natural knee flexion. However, it remains extremely difficult to clearly define the anatomy of the MPFL and its relationships with other anatomical structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2013


  • Biomechanics
  • Knee
  • Medial patellofemoral ligament
  • Patellar instability
  • Patellofemoral joint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Surgery


Dive into the research topics of 'Patellofemoral anatomy and biomechanics: Current concepts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this