Analgesia regionale controllata dal paziente (PCRA) nella chirurgia del gomito anchilotico: elastomero vs pompa elettronica.

Translated title of the contribution: Patient controlled regional analgesia (PCRA) in surgery of stiff elbow: elastomeric vs electronic pump

H. van Oven, V. Agnoletti, B. Borghi, N. Montone, F. Stagni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Aim of this study is to confront an elastomeric pump at regular infusion controlled by the patient with an electronic pump with self-administration for analgesia, by continuous infraclavicular brachial plexus block, as support for the intensive postoperative physiotherapy. METHODS: With signed informed consent 10 patients undergoing corrective surgery for stiff elbow were included. All patients received ropivacaine 30 ml 0,50% for anaesthesia by infraclavicular block with bicipite twitch, after which a catheter was left in situ. In group 1 analgesia consisted of ropivacaina 0,4% by electronic pump (continuous infusion with self-administration of bolus) at day1 and day2, and by elastomeric pump at 5 ml/h, connected to a three way tap managed by the patient (open-closed) at day3 and day4. Group 2 received at day1 and day2 the elastomeric pump and then the electronic pump. All patients continued at home with the elastomeric pump. Flexion-extension capacity of the elbow, daily consumption of ropivacaine 0,4%, and patients comfort were all evaluated. RESULTS: With the electronic pump, flexion-extension capacity is significantly better compared to elastomeric pump. During the use of the electronic pump, consumption of ropivacaina 0.4% was significantly higher in day2 compared to day1 (physiotherapy started day2); consumption in day3 and Day4 was significantly less compared to day2. All patients preferred the electronic pump for the first two days and then the elastomeric pump. CONCLUSION: PCRA quality is higher with ropivacaine 0,4% during the first phase of recovery. The elastomeric pump instead, insufficient in the first phase, is useful for analgesia at home.

Translated title of the contributionPatient controlled regional analgesia (PCRA) in surgery of stiff elbow: elastomeric vs electronic pump
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)117-120
Number of pages4
JournalMinerva Anestesiologica
Volume67
Issue number9 Suppl 1
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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