BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intestinal toxicity is commonly experienced during whole-pelvis intensity-modulated radiotherapy (WPRT) for prostate cancer. The aim of the current study was to assess bowel dose-volume relationships for acute patient-reported intestinal symptoms of patients treated with WPRT for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Complete data of 206 patients were available; the median dose to pelvic nodes was 51.8Gy (range 50.4-54.4, 1.7-2Gy/fr). Intestinal symptoms were assessed as changes in the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire scores relative to the Bowel Domain (IBDQ-B) between baseline and radiotherapy mid-point/end. The 25th percentiles of the most severe worsening from baseline (DeltaIBDQ-B) were set as end-points. The impact of bowel loops and sigmoid colon dose-volume/surface parameters as well as selected clinical parameters were investigated using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Analyses were focused on the four questions showing a median DeltaIBDQ-B>0. No dose volume/surface parameters were predictive, other than DeltaIBDQ5>/=3 (loose stools): when grouping patients according to bowel DVHs (high risk: V20>470cc, V30>245cc, V42>110cc; low risk: all the remaining patients), a two-variable model including high-risk DVH-shape (OR: 9.3) and age (protective, OR: 0.94) was assessed. The model showed good calibration (slope: 1.003, R2=0.92) and was found to be robust after bootstrap-based internal validation. CONCLUSIONS: Constraining the bowel loops may reduce the risk of loose stools. The risk is higher for younger patients.
- Acute bowel toxicity
- Intensity-modulated radiotherapy
- Predictive models
- Prostate cancer