Patient-specific analysis of post-operative aortic hemodynamics: A focus on thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR)

F. Auricchio, M. Conti, A. Lefieux, S. Morganti, A. Reali, F. Sardanelli, F. Secchi, S. Trimarchi, A. Veneziani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to quantitatively evaluate the impact of endovascular repair on aortic hemodynamics. The study addresses the assessment of post-operative hemodynamic conditions of a real clinical case through patient-specific analysis, combining accurate medical image analysis and advanced computational fluid-dynamics (CFD). Although the main clinical concern was firstly directed to the endoluminal protrusion of the prosthesis, the CFD simulations have demonstrated that there are two other important areas where the local hemodynamics is impaired and a disturbed blood flow is present: the first one is the ostium of the subclavian artery, which is partially closed by the graft; the second one is the stenosis of the distal thoracic aorta. Besides the clinical relevance of these specific findings, this study highlights how CFD analyses allow to observe important flow effects resulting from the specific features of patient vessel geometries. Consequently, our results demonstrate the potential impact of computational biomechanics not only on the basic knowledge of physiopathology, but also on the clinical practice, thanks to a quantitative extraction of knowledge made possible by merging medical data and mathematical models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)943-953
Number of pages11
JournalComputational Mechanics
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2014

Keywords

  • Aorta
  • Biomechanics
  • Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • Endograft
  • Patient-specific

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computational Mathematics

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