Patients' interest in educational programmes on asthma

G. Moscato, R. Niniano, A. Corsico, L. Cretti, M. C. Colli, L. Perfetti, P. Bianchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The compliance of patients in educational programmes on asthma is sometimes lacking and this may be due in part to patients' scarce interest or refusal to expand their knowledge of the disease. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the interest of a group of asthmatic patients in education on asthma and to point out the asthma-related topics considered particularly worth discussing. The study was conducted before starting the educational programme. Sixty adult patients with mild-to-moderate asthma were asked to complete a questionnaire, including a group of 14 questions aimed at evaluating the level of patients' interest in various asthma-related topics, one question regarding patients' willingness to attend a small-group educational course on asthma, and a further question asking patients to suggest topics of particular interest for discussion. For each of the first 14 questions, patients indicated their level of interest according to a score ranging 1-3. The sum of the scores obtained for each topic (partial score) and the sum of partial scores (total score) were calculated and classified into three classes of interest (I: low, II: medium; m: high), and the distribution of patients into the three classes was analysed (chi-squared test). Forty four patients (73% responders) filled in and returned the questionnaire. Of these, most fell into the class of highest interest for all the proposed topics, with a slightly higher proportion of patients falling into Class m for the topic dealing with aetiology and prevention. Eighty four percent of responders agreed to participate in a small-group educational programme. Topics considered particularly worth discussing were the relationships between asthma and psychological factors, between asthma and foods, and between asthma and work. In conclusion, from the present data a consistent proportion of adult asthmatics appeared highly interested in education on asthma and in participating in a small-group educational programme. The level of interest appeared high for all asthma-related topics, but particularly for aetiology and prevention, and for some specific aspects of the disease. These preferences should be taken into account in designing an educational programme on asthma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-322
Number of pages4
JournalMonaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series
Volume50
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Compliance
  • Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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