Pattern of relapse in 290 patients with nonmetastatic Ewing's sarcoma family tumors treated at a single institution with adjuvant and neoadjuvant chemotherapy between 1972 and 1999

G. Bacci, A. Longhi, S. Ferrari, M. Mercuri, E. Barbieri, F. Bertoni, P. Bacchini, P. Picci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: Evaluation of pattern of recurrences of 290 patients with an Ewing's sarcoma family tumor (ESFT), who relapsed after adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods: Retrospective analysis at a median follow-up of 16.6 years (range: 5-32) from the primary therapy. Results: There were 378 recurrences, treated by surgery, and/or chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or only palliative treatments. At the last control 18 patients were alive and free of disease 2.5 to 20 years (median 12.1 year) from the last treatment, 4 were alive with uncontrolled disease, 2 died of second line chemotherapy-related toxicity, and 266 died of the tumor 4 months to 20.5 years from the first relapse (median 3.2 years). The 5-year event free survival after the last relapse and overall survival were 5.1 and 7.9%, respectively, and resulted significantly correlated with the time of first relapse, the site of first metastases, the treatment performed after relapse (all patients presently free of disease had been treated by surgery alone or combined with a second line chemotherapy) and for patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and locally by surgery, with the histologic response to preoperative chemotherapy. Conclusions: We confirm that the post-relapse outcome of patients with ESFT who relapse after conventional treatment is very poor. Nonetheless specific subgroups of patients may be cured even after 2 or 3 relapses: patients who relapse 2 or more years after primary treatment, patients who relapse with only lung metastases, and patients whose recurrences can be surgically treated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)974-979
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume32
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

Keywords

  • Ewing's sarcoma
  • Extremity
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Surgery

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