Patterns of inheritance in Irish and Italian families with neural tube defects: Comparison between high and low rate areas

J. Byrne, A. Cama, M. Vigliarolo, L. Levato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neural tube defects (NTDs) may result from a genetic susceptibility interacting with environmental exposures occurring early in pregnancy. Current research is concerned with enlarging our understanding of the action of folic acid, a B group vitamin, which has been shown to prevent the occurrence of NTDs in clinical trials. Despite the epidemic waves in the incidence of NTDs and the existence of areas with very high rates, there have been few studies that explored the genetic contribution to NTDs in high rates versus low rate areas. We investigated the genetic epidemiologic factors that occur in NTD families and compared their frequency in a high rate area - Ireland - with a low rate area - Italy. We explored the existence of three features indicative of hereditary factors and found that all three factors were higher in Ireland than in Italy. These factors were (i) sibling recurrence risk (3.3% vs 1.6%; p=0.2), (ii), other malformations in siblings (11.5% vs 3.3%; p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-34
Number of pages3
JournalIrish Medical Journal
Volume90
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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