The authors reviewed outpatients in a tertiary dermatology clinic in Botswana to expand knowledge on patterns of skin disease in this population with a high prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Approximately one-third of new and follow-up patients were HIV positive. Common dermatologic conditions included eczematous eruptions, viral and fungal infections, malignant neoplasms, vascular disorders, disorders of pigmentation, and mechanical/physical injury-related disorders. HIV has impacted patterns of dermatologic disease in Botswana, with Kaposi sarcoma being the most frequently biopsied condition. Given the shortage of dermatology specialists, resources should be allocated toward education and management of these most prevalent skin conditions.