Pediatric adrenocortical tumors: Morphological diagnostic criteria and immunohistochemical expression of matrix metalloproteinase type 2 and human leucocyte-associated antigen (HLA) class II antigens: Results from the Italian Pediatric Rare Tumor (TREP) Study project

Gaetano Magro, Giovanni Esposito, Giovanni Cecchetto, Patrizia Dall'Igna, Raffaella Marcato, Claudio Gambini, Renata Boldrini, Paola Collini, Vittoria D'Onofrio, Nunzio Salfi, Emanuele D'Amore, Andrea Ferrari, Gianni Bisogno, Rita Alaggio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pediatric adrenocortical tumors are neoplasms that only rarely occur in pediatric patients. Their clinical behavior is often unpredictable, and the histologic criteria of malignancy used in adults are not always useful in children. The aim of this study was to validate the prognostic value of the pathologic criteria of Wieneke et al and to evaluate the potential prognostic expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 and human leucocyte-associated antigen (HLA) class II antigens in a series of 20 pediatric patients affected by adrenocortical tumors, who were enrolled in the Italian Pediatric Rare Tumor (TREP) Study between 2000 and 2007. The age range was 0 to 17.5 years (mean, 7.28 years) with a male-female ratio of 1:2. The mean follow-up was 64.4 months. The histologic diagnoses were reviewed, and the cases were classified using the criteria for malignancy proposed by Wieneke et al. The immunohistochemical expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 and HLA class II antigens was scored by semiquantitative analysis and compared with the clinicopathologic parameters and outcome. Based on the scoring system of Wieneke et al, 7 tumors were classified as malignant; 12 tumors, as benign; and only 1 tumor, with "unpredictable behavior." In all cases, the clinical behavior was consistent with the pathologic criteria of Wieneke et al. Notably, areas of regressive myxoid changes, not included among the criteria of Wieneke et al, were observed in all but 1 case of malignant tumors and only in 2 cases of benign tumors. Matrix metalloproteinase 2 was focally to diffusely expressed in all malignant and in most benign tumors. HLA class II antigens immunoreactivity was absent in all benign tumors and restricted to rare isolated cells in most malignant tumors. Our findings confirm that the pathologic scoring system of Wieneke et al is a simple and reproducible diagnostic tool to predict prognosis in pediatric adrenocortical tumors. Unlike in their adult counterpart, the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 or the loss of HLA class II antigens does not discriminate between benign and malignant tumors in children. Although pediatric adrenocortical tumors seem to be similar histologically to their adult counterparts, it is likely that they have distinctive molecular features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Adrenocortical tumors
  • Histologic features
  • HLA class II antigens
  • Matrix metalloproteinases
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Pediatric adrenocortical tumors: Morphological diagnostic criteria and immunohistochemical expression of matrix metalloproteinase type 2 and human leucocyte-associated antigen (HLA) class II antigens: Results from the Italian Pediatric Rare Tumor (TREP) Study project'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this