Pediatric anesthesia practice in Italy: a multicenter national prospective observational study derived from the APRICOT Trial: Minerva anestesiologica

A. Wolfler, A. De Silvestri, A. Camporesi, G. Ivani, A. Vittori, N. Zadra, L. Pasini, M. Astuto, B. Locatelli, A. Cortegiani, N. Disma, Italian Society of Neonatal and Pediatric Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SARNePI)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Pediatric anesthesia nowadays requires specific knowledge and expertise. The Anesthesia PRactice In Children Observational Trial (APRICOT) was a European multicenter study designed for the identification of perioperative severe critical events and management. We aimed at analyzing the Italian database in an attempt to determine the practice of anesthesia and the incidence of severe critical events in Italy. METHODS: Secondary analyses of the database consisted in extracting the raw data from the 25 Italian centers that participated to APRICOT. Descriptive statistics and comparison with the reference data were made for all the variables collected. RESULTS: The study analyzed 2087 children. The Italian cohort represents 6.7% of the overall study population. Most of the children were ASA 1-2 (90.6%) and underwent a surgical procedure (62.8%). In more than 84% of the cases, anesthesia management was performed by an expert with main or frequent activity in pediatric anesthesia with on an average 15 years of experience. The overall incidence of severe critical events was 3% (95% CI: 2.2-3.8). The most frequently reported severe critical incidents were of respiratory (2%; CI: 1.4-2.6) and cardiovascular origin (0.7%; CI. 0.3-1), while drug error, anaphylaxis and bronchial aspiration were very rare. There were no reports of perioperative cardiac arrest or patients with neurological damage. CONCLUSIONS: This secondary analysis demonstrates that the incidence of severe critical incidence was lower in Italy in comparison to that reported for Europe. This low rate of critical events may be related to the high expertise and experience of the anesthesiologists in charge of the children in the Italian centres that participated to APRICOT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-303
Number of pages9
JournalMinerva Anestesiol
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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