The laboratory contribution in the care of a seriously ill child is essential to plan and organize the therapy after the first-step emergency care and to know the aethiology of the illness. The most acute syndromes in pediatric emergency care are: coma, convulsions, dehydration, metabolic disequilibrium, hypovolemic or anaphylactic shock, serious infectious diseases and chemical or drug poisoning. The laboratory tests which have to be available within few minutes are blood cell count, hemogasanalysis, sodium, potassium and calcium, glucose. Total proteins, serum creatinine and urea, bleeding tests, blood smear, sedimentation rate, ALT, AST, osmolality, urinary electrolytes and creatinine and cerebrospinal fluid examination should be available within sixty minutes. New accurate and rapid techniques and instrumentations make easier the diagnostic and therapeutical approach to pediatric emergency.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Zeitschrift fur Medizinische Laboratoriumsdiagnostik|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)