Pediatric liver diseases: Current challenges and future perspectives

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chronic liver diseases in children represent a rising problem with significant effects on public health. In fact, several pediatric liver diseases are precursors of adult chronic hepatopathies, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The prevalence of liver diseases in children is unknown. In the USA, every year, 15,000 children are hospitalized for liver diseases, but these disorders continue to be under-recognized or diagnosed late. The main reason is due to the frequent absence of symptoms in the vast majority of liver diseases, especially in the early stages. In the last few decades several advances have been made in understanding the pathogenesis of liver diseases, permitting the discovery of new therapeutic targets to treat liver diseases, thus improving the natural history of these disorders. In this article we discuss the most recent advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of the most frequent pediatric liver diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-265
Number of pages11
JournalExpert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • autoimmune hepatitis
  • Children
  • chronic viral hepatitis
  • liver disease
  • nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • treatment
  • Wilson disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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