Peer Victimization and Onset of Social Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Maria Pontillo, Maria Cristina Tata, Roberto Averna, Francesco Demaria, Prisca Gargiullo, Silvia Guerrera, Maria Laura Pucciarini, Ornella Santonastaso, Stefano Vicari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the literature, several studies have proposed that children and adolescents with social anxiety had experienced previously victimization from peers and siblings. The aim of this review was to contribute to the updating of recent findings about the relationship between peer victimization and onset of social anxiety in children and adolescents.

METHODS: A selective review of literature published between 2011 and 2018 on Social Anxiety Disorder in children and adolescents that experienced peer victimization during childhood and adolescence.

RESULTS: Seventeen studies are included. All studies showed that peer victimization is positively correlated to the presence of social anxiety. Moreover, the perpetration of peer victimization may contribute to the maintenance and the exacerbation of social anxiety symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS: In children and adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder, it is necessary to evaluate firstly the presence of peer victimization experiences. Subsequently, therapeutics programs targeted to elaborate these experiences and to reduce the anticipatory anxiety and the avoidance that characterized these children and adolescents can be proposed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 6 2019

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Crime Victims
Anxiety
Social Phobia
Siblings
Maintenance

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Peer Victimization and Onset of Social Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents. / Pontillo, Maria; Tata, Maria Cristina; Averna, Roberto; Demaria, Francesco; Gargiullo, Prisca; Guerrera, Silvia; Pucciarini, Maria Laura; Santonastaso, Ornella; Vicari, Stefano.

In: Brain Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 6, 06.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Pontillo, Maria ; Tata, Maria Cristina ; Averna, Roberto ; Demaria, Francesco ; Gargiullo, Prisca ; Guerrera, Silvia ; Pucciarini, Maria Laura ; Santonastaso, Ornella ; Vicari, Stefano. / Peer Victimization and Onset of Social Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents. In: Brain Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 6.
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author = "Maria Pontillo and Tata, {Maria Cristina} and Roberto Averna and Francesco Demaria and Prisca Gargiullo and Silvia Guerrera and Pucciarini, {Maria Laura} and Ornella Santonastaso and Stefano Vicari",
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T1 - Peer Victimization and Onset of Social Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents

AU - Pontillo, Maria

AU - Tata, Maria Cristina

AU - Averna, Roberto

AU - Demaria, Francesco

AU - Gargiullo, Prisca

AU - Guerrera, Silvia

AU - Pucciarini, Maria Laura

AU - Santonastaso, Ornella

AU - Vicari, Stefano

PY - 2019/6/6

Y1 - 2019/6/6

N2 - BACKGROUND: In the literature, several studies have proposed that children and adolescents with social anxiety had experienced previously victimization from peers and siblings. The aim of this review was to contribute to the updating of recent findings about the relationship between peer victimization and onset of social anxiety in children and adolescents.METHODS: A selective review of literature published between 2011 and 2018 on Social Anxiety Disorder in children and adolescents that experienced peer victimization during childhood and adolescence.RESULTS: Seventeen studies are included. All studies showed that peer victimization is positively correlated to the presence of social anxiety. Moreover, the perpetration of peer victimization may contribute to the maintenance and the exacerbation of social anxiety symptoms.CONCLUSIONS: In children and adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder, it is necessary to evaluate firstly the presence of peer victimization experiences. Subsequently, therapeutics programs targeted to elaborate these experiences and to reduce the anticipatory anxiety and the avoidance that characterized these children and adolescents can be proposed.

AB - BACKGROUND: In the literature, several studies have proposed that children and adolescents with social anxiety had experienced previously victimization from peers and siblings. The aim of this review was to contribute to the updating of recent findings about the relationship between peer victimization and onset of social anxiety in children and adolescents.METHODS: A selective review of literature published between 2011 and 2018 on Social Anxiety Disorder in children and adolescents that experienced peer victimization during childhood and adolescence.RESULTS: Seventeen studies are included. All studies showed that peer victimization is positively correlated to the presence of social anxiety. Moreover, the perpetration of peer victimization may contribute to the maintenance and the exacerbation of social anxiety symptoms.CONCLUSIONS: In children and adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder, it is necessary to evaluate firstly the presence of peer victimization experiences. Subsequently, therapeutics programs targeted to elaborate these experiences and to reduce the anticipatory anxiety and the avoidance that characterized these children and adolescents can be proposed.

U2 - 10.3390/brainsci9060132

DO - 10.3390/brainsci9060132

M3 - Review article

VL - 9

JO - Brain Sciences

JF - Brain Sciences

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