The effects of pentoxifylline on immunologic and virologic parameters were evaluated in 10 human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients not receiving antiretroviral treatment. Patients were asymptomatic, had 300-500 CD4 cells/μL, and received pentoxifylline (1200 rag/day orally) for 4 months. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were tested before and at five time points during therapy. A transient increase in CD4 cells was observed in 8 of 9 patients, and CD8 cells increased in 7 of 9 patients. These increases were negatively correlated with susceptibility to in vitro mitogen-stimulated apoptotic cell death. Pentoxifylline had a temporary effect on mitogen- stimulated cytokine production; thus, interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-2, tumor necrosis factor-α, and lymphotoxin increased more than IL-10. Pentoxifylline also potentiated antigen-stimulated IL-2 production and proliferation in 8 of 9 patients and induced significant but transient decreases in plasma viremia in 7 of 9 patients. These preliminary findings suggest that pentoxifylline in vivo has an interesting but temporary influence on both immunologic and virologic parameters.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health