The clinical course of gastric and duodenal ulcer and the efficacy of H 2 blockers in ulcer healing and the prevention of relapse in cirrhotic liver patients were studied. Seventy-four cirrhotic patients with endoscopically proven acute gastric ulcer (30), duodenal ulcer (34) or a combination of both gastric and duodenal ulcers (10) were treated for six weeks with either Cimetidine 800 mg/daily (27) or Ranitidine 300 mg/daily (47). Of the 77 patients 49 (66.2%) were healed after therapy, 11 cases (14.8%) remained unhealed even after two additional cycles of the same treatment and four were lost to follow-up. After an endoscopically proven healing of the active ulcer, 51 patients took part in the long-term study over a mean period of 24 months: 21.5% of the 27 patients were treated with a maintenance dosage of H 2 blockers and 29.1% of the 24 patients left without therapy relapsed during the first year. We conclude that the ulcer healing rate with H 2 blockers is lower and the relapse rate higher in cirrhotic patients than in the general ulcer population.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Italian Journal of Gastroenterology|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
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