Peptide-nucleic acid-mediated enriched polymerase chain reaction as a key point for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis of β-thalassemia

Silvia Galbiati, Barbara Foglieni, Maurizio Travi, Cristina Curcio, Gabriella Restagno, Luca Sbaiz, Maddalena Smid, Federica Pasi, Augusto Ferrari, Maurizio Ferrari, Laura Cremonesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The presence of fetal DNA in maternal plasma can be exploited to develop new procedures for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis. Tests to detect 7 frequent β-globin gene mutations in people of Mediterranean origin were applied to the analysis of maternal plasma in couples where parents carried different mutations. A mutant enrichment amplification protocol was optimized by using peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) to clamp maternal wild-type alleles. By this approach, 41 prenatal diagnoses were performed by microelectronic microchip analysis, with total concordance of results obtained on fetal DNA extracted from chorionic villi. Among these, 27/28 were also confirmed by direct sequencing and 4 by pyrosequencing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-614
Number of pages5
JournalHaematologica
Volume93
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

Keywords

  • Fetal DNA in maternal plasma
  • Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis
  • PNA-clamping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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