Peptides with dual binding specificity for HLA-A2 and HLA-E are encoded by alternatively spliced isoforms of the antioxidant enzyme peroxiredoxin 5

Marialuisa Sensi, Gabriella Pietra, Alessandra Molla, Gabriella Nicolini, Claudia Vegetti, Ilaria Bersani, Enrico Millo, Elizabeth Weiss, Lorenzo Moretta, Maria Cristina Mingari, Andrea Anichini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Peptides with dual binding specificity for classical HLA class I and non-classical HLA-E molecules have been identified in virus-encoded proteins, but not in cellular proteins from normal or neoplastic cells. Expression screening of a melanoma cDNA library with a CTL clone recognizing an HLA-A2-restricted tumor-specific epitope encoded by mutant peroxiredoxin 5 (Prdx5), a stress-inducible peroxidase, led to the identification of two alternatively spliced isoforms of the same gene. These isoforms, which lack the catalytic cysteine fundamental for enzymatic activity, showed widespread expression in neoplastic and normal tissues but were unstable at the protein level, being detectable, following transient transfection, only after lactacystin treatment to inhibit proteasomal degradation. Isoform-specific sequences which formed, respectively, as result of exon 1 splicing to either exon 3 or 4, encoded two distinct nonapeptides (AMAPIKTHL and AMAPIKVRL, not present in the full-length protein) with anchor residues for HLA-A2 and HLA-E molecules and able to stabilize HLA-A2 and HLA-E cell surface expression. HLA-E+ targets, loaded with these peptides, were not recognized by NK cells expressing CD94/NKG2A inhibitory or CD94/ NKG2C activatory receptors. However, both peptides were recognized, although with low avidity, by HLA-E-restricted CD8+ CTL. The nonapeptide AMAPIKVRL was used to elicit HLA-A2-restricted CTL clones that killed peptide-pulsed lymphoblastoid cell lines and melanoma cells expressing the corresponding Prdx5 isoform. Our results suggest that alternatively spliced isoforms of Prdx5, through the generation of HLA-E- and HLA-A2-restricted peptides may be part of immune-mediated stress response contributing to the detection and elimination of damaged normal or neoplastic cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-268
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Immunology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • MHC class Ia
  • MHC class Ib
  • Splice variants
  • Tumor antigen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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