L'autoefficacia percepita e la riabilitazione respiratoria

Translated title of the contribution: Perceived self-efficacy and respiratory rehabilitation

A. Tomasich, Silvia Rossi Ferrario, L. Guzzi, R. Lascioli, K. Passante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims. To analyse if rehabilitation treatment can enhance perceived self-efficacy in performance of daily living activities in patients affected by chronic respiratory diseases (prevalently over 65 years of age and living in a poor socio-cultural context). Methods. One-hundred and fifteen inpatients undergoing rehabilitation in hospital were administered two questionnaires: the A-D scale which evaluates state anxiety and depressive symptoms, and the Self-Efficacy and Independent Daily Living (SEIDL) questionnaire which evaluates expected self-efficacy in performing daily living activities. SEIDL was re-administered by phone after patients' discharge home, asking about their perceived actual self-efficacy in that moment. Results. Subjects showed significantly higher scores on the A-D scale compared to the Italian normative sample. Females had lower expectations of self-efficacy than males (p=0.000) and had a lower perception of their effective self-efficacy at follow-up (p=0.01). State anxiety and depressive symptoms showed a significant negative correlation with expected self-efficacy and perceived self-efficacy at follow-up. Conclusions. Adequate psychological assessment is necessary before the start of rehabilitation treatment, as emotional disturbances can cancel the beneficial effects of rehabilitation. The creation of community day-centres would also be opportune, to support people affected by chronic respiratory diseases who may experience increased emotional disturbances when family support is lacking or insufficient.

Translated title of the contributionPerceived self-efficacy and respiratory rehabilitation
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)29-33
Number of pages5
JournalGiornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia
Volume28
Issue number1 SUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Rehabilitation

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