Aims. To analyse if rehabilitation treatment can enhance perceived self-efficacy in performance of daily living activities in patients affected by chronic respiratory diseases (prevalently over 65 years of age and living in a poor socio-cultural context). Methods. One-hundred and fifteen inpatients undergoing rehabilitation in hospital were administered two questionnaires: the A-D scale which evaluates state anxiety and depressive symptoms, and the Self-Efficacy and Independent Daily Living (SEIDL) questionnaire which evaluates expected self-efficacy in performing daily living activities. SEIDL was re-administered by phone after patients' discharge home, asking about their perceived actual self-efficacy in that moment. Results. Subjects showed significantly higher scores on the A-D scale compared to the Italian normative sample. Females had lower expectations of self-efficacy than males (p=0.000) and had a lower perception of their effective self-efficacy at follow-up (p=0.01). State anxiety and depressive symptoms showed a significant negative correlation with expected self-efficacy and perceived self-efficacy at follow-up. Conclusions. Adequate psychological assessment is necessary before the start of rehabilitation treatment, as emotional disturbances can cancel the beneficial effects of rehabilitation. The creation of community day-centres would also be opportune, to support people affected by chronic respiratory diseases who may experience increased emotional disturbances when family support is lacking or insufficient.
|Translated title of the contribution||Perceived self-efficacy and respiratory rehabilitation|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia|
|Issue number||1 SUPPL. 1|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health