Perceptual-motor abilities in pre-school preterm children

Paola De Rose, Emilio Albamonte, Valentina Laganà, Serena Sivo, Silvia Pisoni, Francesca Gallini, Francesca Serrao, Francesca Tinelli, Giulia Purpura, Alessandra Ometto, Annalisa Sacco, Michela Quintiliani, Valentina De Clemente, Alessandra Graziano, Domenico M. Romeo, Simona Frezza, Patrizia Papacci, Fabio Mosca, Stefano Vicari, Luca A. RamenghiGiovanni Cioni, Costantino Romagnoli, Eugenio Mercuri, Daniela Ricci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Several studies report a high percentage of premature infants presenting perceptual motor difficulties at school age. The new version of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children allows the assessment of perceptual-motor abilities in children from the age of 3. years. Aims: To evaluate early perceptual-motor abilities in prematurely born children below the age of 4. years. Study design: The Movement Assessment Battery for Children 2nd edition was administered to 105 low-risk prematurely born children (<32 weeks gestation) and in a control group of 105 term-born children matched for age and sex. All children were assessed between the age of 3. years and 3. years-11. months. Results: 63 children (60%) had total scores above the 15th percentile, 15 (14.3%) had scores between the 5th and the 15th percentile, and 13 (12.4%) below the 5th percentile. The remaining 14 children (13.3%) refused to perform or to complete the test. The difference between preterm and control group was significant for total scores, Manual Dexterity and Aiming and Catching scores. In the preterm group there was a correlation between age at testing, total scores and Aiming and Catching subscores. The Movement ABC-2 subscores were significantly lower in children born below 29. weeks. Conclusion: Perceptual-motor difficulties can already be detected on the assessment performed before the age of 4. years. Prematurely born children assessed between 3. years and 3. years-3. months appeared to have more difficulties in performing the test than the older ones or their age matched term-born peers. These findings support the possibility of a delayed maturation in the younger age group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)809-814
Number of pages6
JournalEarly Human Development
Volume89
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

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Control Groups
Premature Infants
Age Groups
Pregnancy

Keywords

  • Outcome
  • Perceptual-motor
  • Preterm infants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

De Rose, P., Albamonte, E., Laganà, V., Sivo, S., Pisoni, S., Gallini, F., ... Ricci, D. (2013). Perceptual-motor abilities in pre-school preterm children. Early Human Development, 89(10), 809-814. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.07.001

Perceptual-motor abilities in pre-school preterm children. / De Rose, Paola; Albamonte, Emilio; Laganà, Valentina; Sivo, Serena; Pisoni, Silvia; Gallini, Francesca; Serrao, Francesca; Tinelli, Francesca; Purpura, Giulia; Ometto, Alessandra; Sacco, Annalisa; Quintiliani, Michela; De Clemente, Valentina; Graziano, Alessandra; Romeo, Domenico M.; Frezza, Simona; Papacci, Patrizia; Mosca, Fabio; Vicari, Stefano; Ramenghi, Luca A.; Cioni, Giovanni; Romagnoli, Costantino; Mercuri, Eugenio; Ricci, Daniela.

In: Early Human Development, Vol. 89, No. 10, 10.2013, p. 809-814.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

De Rose, P, Albamonte, E, Laganà, V, Sivo, S, Pisoni, S, Gallini, F, Serrao, F, Tinelli, F, Purpura, G, Ometto, A, Sacco, A, Quintiliani, M, De Clemente, V, Graziano, A, Romeo, DM, Frezza, S, Papacci, P, Mosca, F, Vicari, S, Ramenghi, LA, Cioni, G, Romagnoli, C, Mercuri, E & Ricci, D 2013, 'Perceptual-motor abilities in pre-school preterm children', Early Human Development, vol. 89, no. 10, pp. 809-814. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.07.001
De Rose P, Albamonte E, Laganà V, Sivo S, Pisoni S, Gallini F et al. Perceptual-motor abilities in pre-school preterm children. Early Human Development. 2013 Oct;89(10):809-814. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.07.001
De Rose, Paola ; Albamonte, Emilio ; Laganà, Valentina ; Sivo, Serena ; Pisoni, Silvia ; Gallini, Francesca ; Serrao, Francesca ; Tinelli, Francesca ; Purpura, Giulia ; Ometto, Alessandra ; Sacco, Annalisa ; Quintiliani, Michela ; De Clemente, Valentina ; Graziano, Alessandra ; Romeo, Domenico M. ; Frezza, Simona ; Papacci, Patrizia ; Mosca, Fabio ; Vicari, Stefano ; Ramenghi, Luca A. ; Cioni, Giovanni ; Romagnoli, Costantino ; Mercuri, Eugenio ; Ricci, Daniela. / Perceptual-motor abilities in pre-school preterm children. In: Early Human Development. 2013 ; Vol. 89, No. 10. pp. 809-814.
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AU - De Rose, Paola

AU - Albamonte, Emilio

AU - Laganà, Valentina

AU - Sivo, Serena

AU - Pisoni, Silvia

AU - Gallini, Francesca

AU - Serrao, Francesca

AU - Tinelli, Francesca

AU - Purpura, Giulia

AU - Ometto, Alessandra

AU - Sacco, Annalisa

AU - Quintiliani, Michela

AU - De Clemente, Valentina

AU - Graziano, Alessandra

AU - Romeo, Domenico M.

AU - Frezza, Simona

AU - Papacci, Patrizia

AU - Mosca, Fabio

AU - Vicari, Stefano

AU - Ramenghi, Luca A.

AU - Cioni, Giovanni

AU - Romagnoli, Costantino

AU - Mercuri, Eugenio

AU - Ricci, Daniela

PY - 2013/10

Y1 - 2013/10

N2 - Background: Several studies report a high percentage of premature infants presenting perceptual motor difficulties at school age. The new version of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children allows the assessment of perceptual-motor abilities in children from the age of 3. years. Aims: To evaluate early perceptual-motor abilities in prematurely born children below the age of 4. years. Study design: The Movement Assessment Battery for Children 2nd edition was administered to 105 low-risk prematurely born children (<32 weeks gestation) and in a control group of 105 term-born children matched for age and sex. All children were assessed between the age of 3. years and 3. years-11. months. Results: 63 children (60%) had total scores above the 15th percentile, 15 (14.3%) had scores between the 5th and the 15th percentile, and 13 (12.4%) below the 5th percentile. The remaining 14 children (13.3%) refused to perform or to complete the test. The difference between preterm and control group was significant for total scores, Manual Dexterity and Aiming and Catching scores. In the preterm group there was a correlation between age at testing, total scores and Aiming and Catching subscores. The Movement ABC-2 subscores were significantly lower in children born below 29. weeks. Conclusion: Perceptual-motor difficulties can already be detected on the assessment performed before the age of 4. years. Prematurely born children assessed between 3. years and 3. years-3. months appeared to have more difficulties in performing the test than the older ones or their age matched term-born peers. These findings support the possibility of a delayed maturation in the younger age group.

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KW - Preterm infants

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