Percutaneous gastrostomy was developed over the last years as an alternative method to surgical and endoscopic procedures, either for enteral feeding or for drainage of secretions or fluid collections communicating with the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. January 1990 through January 1992, 15 percutaneous gastrostomies and 2 percutaneous jejunostomies were performed at the Gastroenterologic Radiology Division of INT, Milan, Italy. The catheters were always inserted under local anesthesia, generally using special gastrostomy sets. Catheter insertion was possible in all the patients who underwent the procedure: in 12 cases gastrostomy allowed enteral feeding till the patients died and in 1 case the catheter is still working. In 2 cases the procedure was performed for drainage of gastroenteric secretions and the catheter was left in situ as a definitive palliation. In 1 patient the catheter was removed after draining a collection due to an anastomotic fistula. No major complications were observed in 17 procedures. In our experience, the indication according to which percutaneous gastrostomies and jejunostomies were performed for enteral feeding was always affected by the presence of a stenosis, in the upper GI tract. Other indications to the procedure, for enteral feeding, are functional swallowing disorders. Finally, it must be emphasized that when tight stenoses of the upper GI tract are present, percutaneous gastrostomy is the sole alternative to surgery.
|Translated title of the contribution||Percutaneous gastrostomy|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging