Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Transcatheter Occlusion (PLAATO System) to prevent stroke in high-risk patients with non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation: Results from the international multi-center feasibility trials

Stefan H. Ostermayer, Mark Reisman, Paul H. Kramer, Ray V. Matthews, William A. Gray, Peter C. Block, Heyder Omran, Antonio L. Bartorelli, Paolo Della Bella, Carlo Di Mario, Carlo Pappone, Paul N. Casale, Jeffrey W. Moses, Athena Poppas, David O. Williams, Bernhard Meier, Allan Skanes, Paul S. Teirstein, Michael D. Lesh, Toshiko NakaiYves Bayard, Kai Billinger, Thomas Trepels, Ulrike Krumsdorf, Horst Sievert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: These studies were conducted to evaluate the feasibility of percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion using the PLAATO system (ev3 Inc., Plymouth, Minnesota). BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have a five-fold increased risk for stroke. Other studies have shown that more than 90% of atrial thrombi in patients with non-rheumatic AF originate in the LAA. Transvenous closure of the LAA is a new approach in preventing embolism in these patients. METHODS: Within two prospective, multi-center trials, LAA occlusion was attempted in 111 patients (age 71 ± 9 years). All patients had a contraindication for anticoagulation therapy and at least one additional risk factor for stroke. The primary end point was incidence of major adverse events (MAEs), a composite of stroke, cardiac or neurological death, myocardial infarction, and requirement for procedure-related cardiovascular surgery within the first month. RESULTS: Implantation was successful in 108 of 111 patients (97.3%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 92.3% to 99.4%) who underwent 113 procedures. One patient (0.9%, 95% CI 0.02% to 4.9%) experienced two MAEs within the first 30 days: need for cardiovascular surgery and in-hospital neurological death. Three other patients underwent in-hospital pericardiocentesis due to a hemopericardium. Average follow-up was 9.8 months. Two patients experienced stroke. No migration or mobile thrombus was noted on transesophageal echocardiogram at one and six months after device implantation. CONCLUSIONS: Closing the LAA using the PLAATO system is feasible and can be performed at acceptable risk. It may become an alternative in patients with AF and a contraindication for lifelong anticoagulation treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-14
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 5 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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    Ostermayer, S. H., Reisman, M., Kramer, P. H., Matthews, R. V., Gray, W. A., Block, P. C., Omran, H., Bartorelli, A. L., Della Bella, P., Di Mario, C., Pappone, C., Casale, P. N., Moses, J. W., Poppas, A., Williams, D. O., Meier, B., Skanes, A., Teirstein, P. S., Lesh, M. D., ... Sievert, H. (2005). Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Transcatheter Occlusion (PLAATO System) to prevent stroke in high-risk patients with non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation: Results from the international multi-center feasibility trials. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 46(1), 9-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2005.03.042