BACKGROUND: To compare early and late complications after either conventional surgical or percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: General intensive care unit and neuro-surgical intensive care unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS: 50 consecutive patients, requiring tracheostomy for prolonged mechanical ventilation. INTERVENTIONS AND MEASUREMENTS: Patients were randomly allocated to receive either surgical (surgical group, n = 25) or percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (percutaneous group, n = 25). Occurrence of perioperative complication were carefully evaluated during ICU stay. Late complications were evaluated with both physical and endoscopic examination at 1, 3 to 6 months after tracheostomy. RESULTS: All surgical and percutaneous tracheostomies were successfully completed and no deaths directly related to the tracheostomy procedures were reported. Completion of the procedure required 41 +/- 14 min in the surgical group and 14 +/- 6 min in the percutaneous one (p <0.0001). The incidence of early perioperative complications was higher in the surgical group (36%) than in percutaneous one (12%), (p <0.05). The endoscopic follow-up demonstrated one segmental malacia and one stenosis of the trachea in the percutaneous group only (p = n.s.). Skin repair was better after percutaneous tracheostomy than in the surgical group (p <0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In experienced hands, percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy is as safe and effective as the conventional surgical tracheostomy. The percutaneous technique is less time-consuming and has a lower rate of early infectious complications with better cosmetic results than the surgical technique.
|Translated title of the contribution||Percutaneous or surgical trachetomy. Prospective, randomized comparison of the incidence of early and late complications|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine