Performance and characteristics of the Newborn Hearing Screening Program in Campania region (Italy) between 2013 and 2019

Rita Malesci, Valeria Del Vecchio, Dario Bruzzese, Ernesto Burattini, Gennaro Auletta, Monica Errichiello, Anna Rita Fetoni, Annamaria Franzè, Carla Laria, Fabiana Toscano, Antonio Caso, Elio Marciano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) in the first month of life is crucial for facilitating both early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) of significant permanent hearing impairment (PHI). In Campania region, UNHS has been introduced in 2003 by the Regional Council Resolution and started on January 2007. The aim of this paper is to update a previous article describing the performance of the program since its implementation in the period between 2013 and 2019. Methods: A longitudinal retrospective study was carried at the Regional Reference Center III on 350,178 babies born in the analysis period. The paper reports the main results of overall coverage, referral rate, lost-to-follow-up rate,yield for PHI and shall determine various risk factor associations with hearing impairment Results: In Campania region, 318,878 newborns were enrolled at I level, with a coverage rate of 91.06%, 301,818 (86.18%) Well Infant Nurseries (WIN) and 17,060 (5.35%) Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) babies. PHI was identified in 413 children, 288 (69.73%) bilaterally and 125 (30.26%) unilaterally. The overall cumulative incidence rate of PHI was 1.29 per 1000 live-born infants (95% CI 1.17–1.42) with a quite steady tendency during the whole study period. Conclusions: This study confirms the feasibility and effectiveness of UNHS in Campania region also in a setting with major socioeconomic and health organization restrictions.The program meets quality benchmarks to evaluate the progress of UNHS. Nowadays, it is possible to achieve an early diagnosis of all types of HL avoiding the consequences of hearing deprivation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Coverage
  • Newborn hearing screening
  • Permanent childhood hearing loss
  • Positive predictive value
  • Refer rate
  • Risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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