Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) represent an increasing public health issue and the early detection of colonization by CPE can help the implementation of infection control measures among inpatients. In this study, BD MAX Check-Direct CPE screen, with two different Master Mixes (BDMix and CPMix), using the automatic BD MAX™ instrument, was evaluated for the detection of blaKPC, blaOXA-48, blaVIM and blaNDM genes, in comparison to selective broth enrichment and direct culture from rectal swabs. Among a total of 557 rectal swabs samples, 29 (5.2%) tested positive for CPE (23 for blaKPC, 5 for blaVIM and one for blaOXA-48). The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios values were 93.1%, 97.3%, 34.5 and 0.07, for BMix, and 100%, 97.1 %, 34.5 and 0 for CPMix, respectively. Five samples were positive with molecular methods only. The turn-around time was reduced from 18-24 hours (direct culture), or 48 h (broth enrichment) to only 3 h.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2016|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases