Perfusion Computed Tomography (PCT) adopting different perfusion metrics: Recurrence of brain metastasis or radiation necrosis?

Antonello Vidiri, Antonino Guerrisi, Valentina Pinzi, Alessandra Fabi, Maria Alessandra Mirri, Alfredo Pompili, Nicoletta Caporale, Andrea Pace, Marcello Crecco, Simona Marzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Different perfusion metrics were investigated to determine the accuracy of Perfusion CT (PCT) in differentiating recurrence of brain metastases from radiation necrosis in patients who previously underwent stereotactic radiation therapy (SRT). Patients and Methods: Twenty patients previously treated with SRT underwent PCT examination of the brain. Normalized Cerebral Blood Volume (nCBV) values within the region of interest (ROI) were calculated. Fractional volumes at nCBV values between 1.0 and 2.25, defined as V 1.0-V 2.25, were derived as alternative metrics and compared to the conventional method based on the mean CBV value within the lesion (nCBV mean). The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the two patient's groups with recurrence and radiation necrosis with respect to the different nCBV metrics. Predictive powers and optimal thresholds for both the nCBV mean and the V 1.0-V 2.25 were evaluated using the Receiver Operating Characteristic Curves. The gold standard was represented either by the histopathological examination or the Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging follow-up longer than six months. Results and Conclusion: The differences between the patient's group with recurrence and that with radiation necrosis resulted statistically significant for all the metrics, showing the lowest p-value for V 1.75 and V 2. The metrics based on the fractional volumes were found to show higher predictive powers, with the highest value of 0.96 for V 2.0. Quantitative analysis of the CBV map deriving different metrics may potentially improve the diagnostic accuracy of PCT in differentiating brain metastasis recurrence from radiation necrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1246-1252
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Cerebral metastases
  • Necrosis
  • Perfusion CT
  • Recurrence
  • Stereotactic radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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