Perilimbal topical anesthesia for clear corneal phacoemulsification

Paolo Lanzetta, Gianni Virgili, Sabrina Crovato, Francesco Bandello, Ugo Menchini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of perilimbal topical anesthesia for clear corneal cataract surgery. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, University of Udine, Udine, Italy. Methods: Seventy-five consecutive patients were studied for perioperative pain, visual outcome, and intraoperative complications. Topical anesthesia was administered with a cellulose sponge soaked in preservative-free lidocaine 2%. The perilimbal area was touched 360 degrees for 30 seconds with the sponge tip under the operating microscope just before surgery. No sedation or adjunctive anesthetic drops were given. Surgery was performed through a temporal corneal tunnel with the easy-chop technique Pan was scored on a subjective scale from 0 (no pain) to 3 (severe pain). Visual acuity was measured 1 day and 1 week after surgery. Mean operating time was recorded. Results: Sixty-nine patients (92%) tolerated the procedure well, giving a pain score of 0 or 1. Six (8%) of the 40 patients who had a single stitch at the end of surgery scored 2. No patient reported pain during iris touch, intraocular lens implantation, or conjunctiva manipulation. No intraoperative complications were recorded. Mean operating time was 12.7 minutes ± 3.7 (SD) (range 7 to 34 minutes). Mean preoperative visual acuity was 0.4 ± 0.2 (range 0.01 to 0.80). Visual acuity of 0.5 or better was attained in 93.6% of eyes 1 day and in 96% 1 week postoperatively. Conclusion: Perilimbal topical anesthesia was an effective and easy-to-administer anesthetic procedure for phacoemulsification, providing good perioperative pain tolerance by patients and rapid visual recovery. (C) 2000 ASCRS and ESCRS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1642-1646
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Phacoemulsification
Anesthesia
Pain
Visual Acuity
Intraoperative Complications
Porifera
Anesthetics
Intraocular Lens Implantation
Conjunctiva
Touch
Iris
Ophthalmology
Lidocaine
Cellulose
Cataract
Italy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Perilimbal topical anesthesia for clear corneal phacoemulsification. / Lanzetta, Paolo; Virgili, Gianni; Crovato, Sabrina; Bandello, Francesco; Menchini, Ugo.

In: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Vol. 26, No. 11, 2000, p. 1642-1646.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lanzetta, Paolo ; Virgili, Gianni ; Crovato, Sabrina ; Bandello, Francesco ; Menchini, Ugo. / Perilimbal topical anesthesia for clear corneal phacoemulsification. In: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery. 2000 ; Vol. 26, No. 11. pp. 1642-1646.
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abstract = "Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of perilimbal topical anesthesia for clear corneal cataract surgery. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, University of Udine, Udine, Italy. Methods: Seventy-five consecutive patients were studied for perioperative pain, visual outcome, and intraoperative complications. Topical anesthesia was administered with a cellulose sponge soaked in preservative-free lidocaine 2{\%}. The perilimbal area was touched 360 degrees for 30 seconds with the sponge tip under the operating microscope just before surgery. No sedation or adjunctive anesthetic drops were given. Surgery was performed through a temporal corneal tunnel with the easy-chop technique Pan was scored on a subjective scale from 0 (no pain) to 3 (severe pain). Visual acuity was measured 1 day and 1 week after surgery. Mean operating time was recorded. Results: Sixty-nine patients (92{\%}) tolerated the procedure well, giving a pain score of 0 or 1. Six (8{\%}) of the 40 patients who had a single stitch at the end of surgery scored 2. No patient reported pain during iris touch, intraocular lens implantation, or conjunctiva manipulation. No intraoperative complications were recorded. Mean operating time was 12.7 minutes ± 3.7 (SD) (range 7 to 34 minutes). Mean preoperative visual acuity was 0.4 ± 0.2 (range 0.01 to 0.80). Visual acuity of 0.5 or better was attained in 93.6{\%} of eyes 1 day and in 96{\%} 1 week postoperatively. Conclusion: Perilimbal topical anesthesia was an effective and easy-to-administer anesthetic procedure for phacoemulsification, providing good perioperative pain tolerance by patients and rapid visual recovery. (C) 2000 ASCRS and ESCRS.",
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