Perioperative factors associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation after complex congenital heart surgery

Angelo Polito, Elisabetta Patorno, John M. Costello, Joshua W. Salvin, Sitaram M. Emani, Satish Rajagopal, Peter C. Laussen, Ravi R. Thiagarajan

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate perioperative factors associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation in children undergoing complex cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease. DESIGN:: Retrospective chart review. SETTING:: A tertiary care pediatric cardiac intensive care. INTERVENTIONS:: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:: This retrospective cohort study included all patients undergoing complex cardiac surgical procedures (Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery-1 category ≥3) at our institution during 2003. We defined prolonged mechanical ventilation as need for mechanical ventilation for ≥7 days (90th percentile of duration of mechanical ventilation for the whole cohort). Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine independent relationships between perioperative factors and prolonged mechanical ventilation. A total of 362 patients were admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit after a cardiac surgical procedure of Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery-1 ≥3 level of complexity and survived to hospital discharge. Median age was 242 days (range, 4 days-14.4 yrs), the median duration of mechanical ventilation was 1.5 days (range, 0-7 days), and 41 patients (11%) were ventilated for ≥7 days. Age of

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Critical Care Medicine
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

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Keywords

  • cardiac surgical procedures
  • congenital heart disease
  • mechanical ventilation
  • risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Polito, A., Patorno, E., Costello, J. M., Salvin, J. W., Emani, S. M., Rajagopal, S., Laussen, P. C., & Thiagarajan, R. R. (2011). Perioperative factors associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation after complex congenital heart surgery. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0b013e3181e912bd