Perioperative management of four anaemic female Jehovah's Witnesses undergoing urgent complex cardiac surgery

Valter Casati, A. D'Angelo, L. Barbato, D. Turolla, F. Villa, M. A. Grasso, A. Porta, F. Guerra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that preoperative haemoglobin concentration and female gender are related to an increased need for perioperative allogeneic transfusions in cardiac surgery. Hence, urgent cardiac surgery presents a dilemma for female patients who are Jehovah's Witnesses, because of their refusal of allogeneic transfusion. This report describes the management of four high-risk anaemic female patients undergoing urgent complex cardiac surgery. In these Jehovah's Witness patients, strict application of a comprehensive blood-sparing protocol permitted safe avoidance of allogeneic transfusions. The protocol involved intraoperative acute normovolaemic haemodilution, intraoperative administration of tranexamic acid, intra- and postoperative use of a cell-saver system, postoperative administration of erythropoietin, iron and folic acid, and a careful surgical technique to avoid perioperative bleeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-352
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
Volume99
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Blood, haemodilution
  • Blood, salvage
  • Complications, Jehovah's Witness
  • Surgery, cardiovascular
  • Tranexamic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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