Peripheral blood endothelial progenitors as potential reservoirs of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus

Silvia Della Bella, Adriano Taddeo, Maria L. Calabrò, Lucia Brambilla, Monica Bellinvia, Elisa Bergamo, Mario Clerici, Maria L. Villa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. The cellular reservoirs of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) and the exact nature of the putative KSHV-infected circulating precursor of spindle cells of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) still remain poorly defined. Because KS spindle cells are thought to be of endothelial origin, and because mature endothelial cells do not sustain persistent KSHV-infection, our attention was localized on circulating hematopoietic precursors able to differentiate into endothelial lineage. Methods and Findings. Late endothelial progenitor cells (late-EPCs) were cultured from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 16 patients with classic K5. The presence and load of KSHV genomes were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction in DNA extracted from cells and supernatants of late-EPC cultures obtained from 7 patients. Endothelial colonies cultured from the peripheral blood of KS patients were found to satisfy all requisites to be defined late-EPCs- they appeared from the CD14- negative fraction of adherent cells after 11-26 days of culture, could be serially eypanded in vitro, expressed high levels of endothelial antigens but lacked leukocyte markers. Late-EPC cultures were found to harbor KSHV-DNA at variable levels and to retain the virus after multiple passages in cells as well as in supernatants, suggesting that a quote of KSHV lytic infection may spontaneously occur. Lytic phase induction or hypoxia could amplify virus release in supernatants. Conclusion. Our results suggest that circulating endothelial progenitors from KS patients are KSHV-infected and support viral productive replication and may therefore represent potential virus reservoirs and putative precursors of KS spindle cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1520
JournalPLoS One
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 30 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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