Peripheral inflammatory response in Alzheimer's disease and multiinfarct dementia

A. De Luigi, S. Pizzimenti, P. Quadri, U. Lucca, M. Tettamanti, C. Fragiacomo, M. G. De Simoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Whether peripheral inflammatory molecules can be considered markers of dementia is still an open issue. We have investigated the presence of circulating cytokines and the ability of blood cells to release them in response to an inflammatory stimulus in patients with different types of dementia and in age-matched controls. A significant increase in circulating interleukin-1β in moderate Alzheimer and in multiinfarct (145 and 224 times control concentration, respectively) dementia and in circulating tumor necrosis factor-α concentration in multiinfarct dementia patient group (156%) were found. Tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 released from blood cells after exposure to lipopolysaccharide were significantly reduced in moderate Alzheimer (60%, both cytokines) and multiinfarct patients (71 and 50%, respectively), while interleukin-10 was decreased only in multiinfarct patients (61%). The results show that patients with Alzheimer disease or multiinfarct dementia have an upregulation of circulating cytokines and a downregulation of cytokines released by blood cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-314
Number of pages7
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Cytokines
  • Inflammation
  • Multiinfarct dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology


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