Previous studies have indicated that peripheral administration of interleukin-6 (IL-6) increases brain concentrations of tryptophan and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), the major catabolite of serotonin (5-HT). To determine whether these changes were related to increased synaptic release of 5-HT, we studied the responses to peripheral administration of IL-6 by in vivo microdialysis and in vivo amperometry. Intraperitoneal injection of recombinant IL-6 resulted in an elevation of microdialysate concentrations of 5-HT in the rat striatum. Also, amperometric measurements indicated that i.p. IL-6 enhanced the 5-HT-like signal obtained from the striatum following electrical stimulation of the dorsal raphe nucleus. These results indicate that the increases in brain concentrations of 5-HIAA observed in earlier studies indeed reflect increased synaptic release of 5-HT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience