An 11-month-old girl presented acute episodes of hypoglycaemia and hepatic encephalopathy reminiscent of Reye syndrome and 3-hydroxydicarboxylic aciduria. The patient showed peculiar clinical manifestations of severe sensory-motor neuropathy, pigmentary retinopathy, and cardiomyopathy. She died of cardiac failure. Pathological studies of peripheral nerve showed signs of axonal neuropathy and demyelination. Enzymatic studies in cultured fibroblasts showed a deficiency of mitochondrial long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA-dehydrogenase. Peripheral nerve involvement and retinal pigmentary degeneration have as yet not been described in patients with proven defects of mitochondrial β-oxidation.
- Long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
- Peripheral neuropathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health