Background.Although chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) is considered the replacement therapy of choice for infants with end-stage renal failure, many questions persist about treatment risks and outcomes. Methods.We present data on 84 infants who started CPD at 2 = 0.36) and dialysis session length (R 2 = 0.35), while a negative association was found with the number of peritonitis cases (P = 0.003). Peritonitis incidence was 1:20.7 episode:CPD-months (1:28.3 in the older children from the same registry) and was significantly higher in children with oligoanuria (1:15.5 episode:CPD-months) compared to infants with residual renal function (1:37.4 episode:CPD-months). Catheter survival rate was 70% at 12 months and 51% at 24 months. Catheter-related complications were similar in infants and older children (1:20.5 versus 1:19.8 episode:CPD-months), while clinical complications were more frequent in children under 1 year of age (1:18.3 versus 1:25.2 episode:CPD-months; P <0.05). During the follow-up period, 33 patients were transplanted (39.3%), 18 were shifted to haemodialysis (21.4%) and 8 died (9.5%). The mortality rate was 4-fold greater than in older children (2.3%). Conclusions.Our data confirm that infants on CPD represent a high-risk group; however, our experience demonstrated that growth was acceptable and a large portion was successfully transplanted. Increased efforts should be aimed at optimizing dialysis efficiency and preventing peritonitis. The higher mortality rate in infants was largely caused by comorbidities.
- peritoneal dialysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas