During the period 1986-1990, 119 patients were enrolled in the Italian Registry of Pediatric CPD. CAPD was largely predominant in the first 3 years, while CCPD accounted for 48% of dialysis months in the period 1989-1990. The connect-disconnect system was a Y set for all patients during the whole observation period. The incidence of peritonitis decreased from 1 episode: 10.9 patient-months in 1986 to 1:19.8 in 1988, and then passed to 1:16.2 in 1990. A comparison of the incidence of peritonitis between CAPD and CCPD, referring to the 1989-1990 period, showed no significant difference. The percentage of positive peritoneal fluid cultures changed from 48% in 1986 to 73% in 1990. Gram-positive bacteria, primarily Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, accounted for most of the isolated organisms. Candida albicans was cultured in 3 cases both in 1986 and 1987. Exit site infection was the predominant (82%) complication, followed by leakage and catheter cuff extrusion. The hospitalization rate for peritonitis resulted persistently high (61% of episodes) and the mean duration was 12.7 days. Of the 8 patients who were switched to hemodialysis, 4 had recurrent peritonitis and 1 Candida albicans peritonitis.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
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