Peritonitis prevention in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: Long-term efficacy of a Y-connector and disinfectant

A. Cantaluppi, A. Scalamogna, C. Castelnovo, G. Graziani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have already described (Lancet 1983, ii, 642) the results of a controlled study in two centres showing the efficacy of a Y-shaped connector, filled with sodium hypochlorite during the dwelling time, for the reduction of peritonitis: one episode every 33 patient-months in the treated group versus one episode every 11.3 patient-months in the control group using the standard method. During the past 2.5 years we have continued to use the Y-connector. All new patients referred to our hospital for initiation of CAPD program were trained to use the Y-connector, while those patients already on the standard Y-connector continued on it. From January 1983 to June 1985, among 18 non-diabetic patients using the standard bag-exchange method, there were 23 peritonitis episodes in 14 patients (78%) over a cumulative period of 257 months - one episode every 11.2 patient-months. In contrast, among the 92 patients using the Y-connector, there were 30 peritonitis episodes in 21 patients (22.8%) during 1354 months - one episode every 45.1 patient-months. When we exclude from this group the 10 diabetic patients adding insulin to the bags, the incidence of peritonitis fell to one episode every 92.2 patient-months. These results confirm that the Y-connector is extremely effective in reducing the rate of peritonitis in patients on CAPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-61
Number of pages4
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis Bulletin
Volume6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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