Peroxiredoxin 2 nuclear levels are regulated by circadian clock synchronization in human keratinocytes

Daniele Avitabile, Danilo Ranieri, Arianna Nicolussi, Sonia D'Inzeo, Anna Laura Capriotti, Licia Genovese, Sara Proietti, Alessandra Cucina, Anna Coppa, Roberto Samperi, Mariano Bizzarri, Aldo Laganà, Maria Rosaria Torrisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Circadian rhythms are highly conserved time tracking systems regulating important biological processes at both systemic and cellular levels. The present study was aimed to identify proteins and biological functions circadian regulated in human keratinocytes. HaCaT keratinocytes were entrained by temperature cycles, and a proteomic study was performed on cell fractions isolated under free running conditions at constant temperature. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that molecular clock entrainment was associated with changes in molecular components regulating cell proliferation, energy metabolism, transcription, translation and redox balance. Nuclear levels of the antioxidant enzyme Peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2) were found to oscillate rhythmically over two entire 24 h long cycles. Donwregulation of PRDX2 resulted in upregulation of the mitochondrion-specific Peroxiredoxin 3 (PRDX3), all other members of the Peroxiredoxin family remained unaltered. Furthermore, PRDX2 knockdown increased intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and impaired cell cycle progression and proliferation. HaCaT cells transduced with a scramble shRNA were used as control. Our work is the first to show that nuclear levels of PRDX2 display circadian oscillation participating in the regulation of human keratinocytes redox balance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-34
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Circadian rhythm
  • HaCaT keratinocytes
  • Metabolic clock
  • Nano-LC-MS/MS
  • Peroxiredoxin 2
  • Proteomic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Medicine(all)


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