Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator 1 α (PGC-1α) and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) reside in mitochondria: Possible direct function in mitochondrial biogenesis

Katia Aquilano, Paola Vigilanza, Sara Baldelli, Beatrice Pagliei, Giuseppe Rotilio, Maria Rosa Ciriolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The transcriptional co-activator PGC-1αand the NAD +-dependent deacetylase SIRT1 are considered important inducers of mitochondrial biogenesis because in the nucleus they regulate transcription of nucleus-encoded mitochondrial genes. We demonstrate that PGC-1α and SIRT1 are also present inside mitochondria and are in close proximity to mtDNA. They interact with mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) as assessed by confocal microscopy analysis and by blue native-PAGE. Nucleoid purification allowed us to identify SIRT1 and PGC-1α as proteins associated with native and cross-linked nucleoids, respectively. After mtDNA immunoprecipitation analysis, carried out on mitochondrial extracts, we found that PGC-1α is present on the same D-loop region recognized by TFAM. Finally, by oligonucleotide pulldown assay, we found PGC-1α and SIRT1 associated with the TFAM consensus sequence (human mitochondrial transcription factor-binding site H). The results obtained suggest that in mitochondria PGC-1αand SIRT1 may function as their nuclear counterparts and represent the genuine factors mediating the cross-talk between nuclear and mitochondrial genome. Finally, this work adds new knowledge on the function of SIRT1 and PGC-1αand highlights the direct involvement of such proteins in regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21590-21599
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume285
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 9 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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