Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator 1-α (PGC1α) is a transcriptional coactivator able to up-regulate mitochondrial biogenesis, respiratory capacity, oxidative phosphorylation, and fatty acid β-oxidation with the final aim of providing a more efficient pathway for aerobic energy production. In the continuously renewed intestinal epithelium, proliferative cells in the crypts migrate along the villus axis and differentiate into mature enterocytes, increasing their respiratory capacity and finally undergoing apoptosis. Here we show that in the intestinal epithelial surface, PGC1α drives mitochondrial biogenesis and respiration in the presence of reduced antioxidant enzyme activities, thus determining the accumulation of reactive oxygen species and fostering the fate of enterocytes toward apoptosis. Combining gain- and loss-of-function genetic approaches in human cells and mouse models of intestinal cancer, we present an intriguing scenario whereby PGC1α regulates enterocyte cell fate and protects against tumorigenesis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 19 2011|
- Colon cancer
- Medical physiology
- Nuclear receptors
ASJC Scopus subject areas