Persistence of counter-regulatory abnormalities in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus after pancreas transplantation

A. Battezzati, L. Luzi, G. Perseghin, E. Bianchi, D. Spotti, A. Secchi, S. Vergani, V. Di Carlo, G. Pozza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Conventional insulin therapy does not correct the counter-regulatory abnormalities of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Pancreas transplantation is an alternative therapy that restores the endogenous insulin secretion in diabetes. In this study, the effects of segmental pancreas transplantation on counter-regulation to mild hypoglycaemia were evaluated. Glucose kinetics and the counter-regulatory hormonal responses were assessed in eight insulin-dependent diabetics with end-stage renal failure who had received pancreas and kidney transplantation 1 year previously, seven diabetic uraemic subjects (candidates for combined transplantation), five patients with chronic uveitis on immunosuppressive therapy comparable to pancreas recipients and 10 normal subjects. Insulin (0.3 mU kg-1 min-1) was infused for 2 h to induce mild hypoglycaemia (plasma glucose 3.2-3.5 mmol l-1) and exogenous glucose was infused as required to prevent any glucose decrease below 3.1 mmol l-1. After transplantation, two of eight recipients had hypoglycaemic episodes reported in their medical records. During the study, hepatic glucose production was rapidly suppressed in the controls and in the patients on immunosuppression (-80 ± 7 and -54 ± 7%, P <0.001 vs. basal), and rebounded to the baseline values within 1 h (-3 ± 1 and -6 ± 2%, P = NS vs. basal). The transplant recipients had similar suppression in the first hour (-88 ± 8%, P <0.001 vs. basal), but the suppression persisted in the second hour (-69 ± 11%, P <0.001 vs. basal) indicating a lack of glucose counter-regulatory response. The uraemic-diabetics had reduced suppression of hepatic glucose production (-45 ± 14%, P <0.001 vs. basal) with respect to the recipients (P <0.001), but had the same lack of response in the second hour (suppression: -39 ± 12%, P <0.001 vs. basal). In addition, the response of glucagon to hypoglycaemia was blunted in both the recipients and in the diabetic subjects. In conclusion, the alterations in glucose counter-regulation of insulin-dependent diabetes persists after segmental pancreas transplantation. Specifically, the increased sensitivity of hepatic glucose production to the action of insulin renders this defect more evident after transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-758
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
Volume24
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • Hepatic glucose production
  • Hypoglycaemia
  • Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • Pancreas transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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