Persistence of immunity after vaccination with a capsular group B meningococcal vaccine in 3 different toddler schedules

Manish Sadarangani, Tim Sell, Mildred A. Iro, Matthew D. Snape, Merryn Voysey, Adam Finn, Paul T. Heath, Gianni Bona, Susanna Esposito, Javier Diez-Domingo, Roman Prymula, Adefowope Odueyungbo, Daniela Toneatto, Andrew J. Pollard, Sarah Kelly, Danielle Campbell, Sandra Dymond, Alison Kent, Maurizio De Martino, Leila BianchiCarlotta Montagnani, Carlo Giaquinto, Benedetta Ghezzi, Igor Kohl, Simone Inzillo, Linda Kasim, Lucie Hlavata, Laura Lulli, Harry Wisse, Sheena Gomez, Vasundhara Dindore, Erika Pozzi, Silvia Parlamento, Valentina Montinaro, Miguel Tortajada-Girbés, Federico Martinón-Torres, Lorenzo Redondo Collazo, Roman Chlíbek, Daniel Dražan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: One schedule for the capsular group B meningococcal vaccine 4CMenB is 2 doses that are administered 2 months apart for children aged 12-23 months, with a booster dose 12-24 months later. Our objective was to provide data on persistence of human serum bactericidal antibody (hSBA) titres in children up to 4 years of age after initial doses at 12-24 months, and immunogenicity of a booster dose at 48 months of age compared with vaccine-naive children. METHODS: Children previously immunized, as part of a randomized controlled trial, with 2 doses of 4CMenB vaccine at 12-24 months of age received a booster at 4 years of age. Vaccine-naive age-matched toddlers received 2 doses of 4CMenB. Human serum bactericidal antibody titres against reference strains H44/76, 5/99, NZ98/254 and M10713 were evaluated before and after innoculation with 4CMenB vaccine in 4-year-old children. RESULTS: Of 332 children in the study, 123 had previously received 4CMenB and 209 were vaccine-naive controls. Before the booster, the proportions of participants (previously vaccinated groups compared with controls) with hSBA titres of 1:5 or more were as follows: 9%-11% v. 1% (H44/76), 84%-100% v. 4% (5/99), 0%-18% v. 0% (NZ98/254) and 59%-60% v. 60% (M10713). After 1 dose of 4CMenB in previously immunized children, the proportions of participants achieving hSBA titres of 1:5 or more were 100% (H44/76 and 5/99), 70%-100% (NZ98/254) and 90%-100% (M10713). INTERPRETATION: We found that waning of hSBA titres by 4 years of age occurred after 2 doses of 4CMenB vaccine administered at 12-24 months, and doses at 12-24 months have a priming effect on the immune system. A booster may be necessary to maintain hSBA titres of 1:5 or more among those children with increased disease risk. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, no. NCT01717638

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1276-E1285
JournalCMAJ
Volume189
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 16 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Sadarangani, M., Sell, T., Iro, M. A., Snape, M. D., Voysey, M., Finn, A., Heath, P. T., Bona, G., Esposito, S., Diez-Domingo, J., Prymula, R., Odueyungbo, A., Toneatto, D., Pollard, A. J., Kelly, S., Campbell, D., Dymond, S., Kent, A., De Martino, M., ... Dražan, D. (2017). Persistence of immunity after vaccination with a capsular group B meningococcal vaccine in 3 different toddler schedules. CMAJ, 189(41), E1276-E1285. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.161288