The duration of the effect of a short-course (1-mo twice-daily) supplementation of moderate amounts (2.28 g) of n-3 fatty acid ethyl esters (FA) on platelet lipid composition and aggregation was compared with that of olive oil (3 g/d) supplementation in 14 healthy volunteers. The FA preparation employed contained eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acids (DHA) in a ratio of 1:1.4. A marked rise (p <0.05) in the plasma and platelet content of EPA and DHA, and minimal changes in the content of arachidonic acid (AA) were documented at withdrawal of the n-3 FA supplementation. EPA/AA and DHA/AA ratios in platelet phospholipids showed that the FA accumulation persisted 8-12 wks after stopping the supplementation (p <0.05). The aggregation of platelets in response to collagen or ADP, and thromboxane B2 (TXB2) formation were impaired at withdrawal. The impaired aggregation lasted 8-12 weeks (p always <0.05), whereas TXB2 formation returned to basal values 4 weeks after stopping the n-3 supplementation. No correlation was found between impaired aggregation and TXB2 formation. In contrast, the impaired sensitivity to ADP (p = 0.036) and, to a lesser extent, to collagen (p = 0.068) were related to changes in the intracellular pH (pH(i)) of the Na+/H+ reverse transport. No changes in platelet composition or function were observed either during or following olive oil supplementation. These results document a long-lasting impairment of platelet sensitivity to ADP and collagen; changes in the pH(i) values of the Na+/H+ reverse transport, and a simultaneous persistent accumulation of EPA and DHA in platelet phospholipids, after stopping a short-course dietary supplementation of moderate amounts of n-3 fatty acid ethyl esters.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Thrombosis and Haemostasis|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
- n-3 fatty acid supplementation
- Na/H reverse transport
- Platelet activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas