Personality (at Intrapsychic and Interpersonal Level) Associated With Quality of Life in Patients With Cancer (Lung and Colon)

Maria Velia Giulietti, Anna Vespa, Marica Ottaviani, Rossana Berardi, Giancarlo Balercia, Giorgio Arnaldi, Pisana Gattafoni, Paolo Fabbietti, Mirko Di Rosa, Roberta Spatuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the association of quality of life (QoL) and intrapsychic and interpersonal behaviors (Structural Analysis of Social Behavior [SASB]) of patients with cancer (lung: n = 88; age 62.8 ± 10.1; colon: n = 56; age 60.1 ± 11.4). Personality described by SASB clusters (Cls): SASB-Questionnaire; QoL tests: FACT_G and QLQ-C30. Patients with lung cancer (n = 88; age 62.8 ± 10.1) and colon cancer (n = 56; age 60.1 ± 11.4; all stages of severity). Multiple regression analyses. Multiple linear regression: dependent variable: FACT_G; covariates: physical functioning, cognitive functioning, SASB-Cl3-50°, SASB-Cl6-50°. Analysis of variance and t test confirm validity of the model (P <.001). SASB-Cl3 with FACT_G (P =.034); SASB-Cl6 with FACT_G (P =.002); age with FACT_G (P =.018); physical functioning with FACT_G (P <.001); cognitive functioning with FACT_G (P <.001). Personality traits such as self-critical and oppressive behaviors, low capacity for self-esteem, physical and cognitive functioning, and age (a higher age determines a better QoL) strongly determine QoL in patients with lung and colon cancer. This may suggest areas of therapeutic intervention.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCancer Control
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • colon cancer
  • interpersonal behavior
  • intrapsychic behavior
  • lung cancer
  • personality
  • psychotherapy
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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