Aims: This study aimed to investigate defence mechanisms and personality characteristics in obese subjects. In particular, we compared the use of defence mechanisms in two groups: obese persons vs. normal weight subjects. We also compared the defence mechanisms and personality characteristics of two groups of obese subjects: those with Binge Eating Disorder vs. those without this disorder. Finally, we investigated the presence of possible differences linked to gender or to age of onset of obesity. Methods: 93 obese subjects and 68 normal weight subjects were administered a test battery composed of the following self-complete questionnaires (in the Italian version): Binge Eating Scale, Response Evaluation Measure-71, Eating Disorder Inventory-2 and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory). Results: Obese subjects appear to use specific defence mechanisms. A gender effect was found on the use of defence mechanisms, on the psychological characteristics associated to an Eating Disorder and on personality features. Obese subjects with Binge Eating Disorder showed a marked tendency to manifest anxiety and bulimic behaviour. Obesity with onset in adolescence was associated to the possibility of developing a drug dependence. Conclusion: Specific defence characteristics and personality features in obese subjects should be taken into account in designing a slimming program.
|Translated title of the contribution||Personality characteristics, defence mechanisms and binge eating in obese patients|
|Journal||Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia|
|Issue number||3 SUPPL. B|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health