Personality, Schizophrenia, and Violence: A Longitudinal Study

Valentina Candini, Marta Ghisi, Gioia Bottesi, Clarissa Ferrari, Viola Bulgari, Laura Iozzino, Maria Elena Boero, Alessandra De Francesco, Paolo Maggi, Beatrice Segalini, Vanessa Zuccalli, Gian Marco Giobbio, Giuseppe Rossi, Giovanni de Girolamo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aims of this study were (a) to investigate the presence of clinically significant personality traits and personality disorders (PD) in patients living in residential facilities, with or without a history of violence (69 and 46, respectively); and (b) to investigate any associations between clinically significant personality traits and PDs, aggression, impulsivity, hostility, and violent behavior during a 1-year follow-up. The most frequent primary diagnoses were schizophrenia (58.3%) and PD (20.9%). Those with a history of violence demonstrated more antisocial and alcohol dependence features and lower depressive PD symptoms than the control group. Hostility levels, antisocial symptoms, and drug dependence, as well as a Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II diagnosis of PD, predicted aggressive and violent behavior during follow-up. The study confirms the relevance of assessing PDs both to evaluate the risk of violent behavior and to plan appropriate preventive and treatment intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jul 31 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Personality, Schizophrenia, and Violence: A Longitudinal Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this