Previous research has shown that personality traits and emotional states are associated with variations in blood pressure. The major aim of this chapter is to examine the relationship between personality traits and diary reports of moods on a work and an off-work day. Secondary aims are to compare mood reports in men and women as a function of the day of recording. A healthy sample of 110 women and 110 men rated their moods in a diary three times an hour on a work and a nonwork day. Personality scales were administered. Significant effects of mood intensity were obtained for work vs. off days and in interaction with scores on personality tests of anxiety, anger out, cynical hostility, and depression. Given the health significance of emotion in mental and physical health, these findings in healthy individuals suggest that personality traits may affect the regulation of blood pressure via their effects on emotional responses to daily life events and thereby serve as risk factors for hypertension.
|Title of host publication||Personality Assessment: New Research|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Sciences(all)