Personality traits and metabolic control: A study in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus patients

Alvise Orlandini, Matteo Rocco Pastore, Andrea Fossati, Stefano Clerici, Alessandro Sergi, Annalisa Balini, Cesare Maffei, Antonio Secchi, Guido Pozza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In the present study the authors evaluated the relationship between personality traits (according to DSM-III-R) and poor metabolic control in an adult onset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus sample (n = 77). Methods: Personality traits were assessed with the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire - Revised. Metabolic control was evaluated through glycosilated hemoglobin (HbA1c): poor metabolic control was defined as HbA1c ≤ 9% (normal values <6.0%). Results: Principal Component Analysis revealed three personality profiles: 'Cluster A/C Mixed', 'Cluster B Dependent' and 'Cluster B Aggressive'. Oneway ANCOVA, using sex as covariate, revealed a significant association (p = 0.01) only between poor metabolic control and Cluster B Dependent profile. No correlation was found between HbA1c and the other profiles. Conclusion: These data suggest that a specific personality profile is associated with poor metabolic control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-313
Number of pages7
JournalPsychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Volume66
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1997

Keywords

  • Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • Metabolic control
  • Personality
  • Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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