Personality traits in childhood and adolescent headache

Giovanni Lanzi, C. A. Zambrino, O. Ferrari-Ginevra, C. Termine, S. D'Arrigo, P. Vercelli, A. De Silvestri, C. R. Guglielmino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We evaluate personality traits, anxiety and depression in a population of paediatric and adolescent patients, correlating personality characteristics with headache and sociodemographic variables. The clinical features of headache include specific personality traits. We report a clinical study of 57 patients (age 8-18 years), divided up as follows: 12 migraine with aura, 29 migraine without aura and 16 tension-type headache. One of Cattel's tests was administered to every patient; the Children's Depression Inventory test was administered to 53 patients and the Test Anxiety Inventory test to 43 subjects. The scores obtained by every patient in each test were correlated with the characteristics of headache and with sociodemographic data. We found that patients affected by idiopathic headache share some personality traits, mainly emotional rigidity and tendency to repress anger and aggression. These traits do not seem to be correlated with sociodemographic data and the duration of headache: we considered these as characteristic of migrainous patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-60
Number of pages8
JournalCephalalgia
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Childhood
  • Migraine
  • Personality questionnaire
  • Personality traits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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    Lanzi, G., Zambrino, C. A., Ferrari-Ginevra, O., Termine, C., D'Arrigo, S., Vercelli, P., De Silvestri, A., & Guglielmino, C. R. (2001). Personality traits in childhood and adolescent headache. Cephalalgia, 21(1), 53-60. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-2982.2001.00144.x